Muslims claim that the Big Bang theory was told in Quran:
(Quran 21:30) Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We parted them?
Then we have another Quranic Verse, which is telling that Earth was created first, and then the 7 heavens were created:
(Quran 41:9-12) Say (O Muhammad, unto the idolaters): Disbelieve ye verily in Him Who created the earth in two Days ?... Then turned He to the heaven when it was smoke... And He made them seven heavens in two days and to each heaven He ordained its laws, and then He adorned the lowest heaven with lamps of stars (i.e. Stars were created after the 7 heavens)
This Quranic claim is simply not possible when the earth came into being about 9 billion years after the Big Bang.
- Big Bang happened 13.8 billion years ago (Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Bang). Thus, the heavens/universe and stars were formed at that time.
- Then many stars died. Their destruction caused the building of other new stars.
- Thus, our planet earth came into being only 4.5 billion years ago from the already destroyed stars. (Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formation_and_evolution_of_the_Solar_System)
So, there is a gap of about 9 billion years between the formation of the Universe/Heavens and the Earth. Therefore, Allah could have never set the heavens and earth apart while they were never together.
Thus, the Quran has been proved totally false in light of modern science.
This was only the ancient stories in many cultures that the heavens and earth were together initially and then the gods separated them. The Quran only repeated those old stories.
Muslim's lame excuse: Earth means here "matter" only
Muslims were unable to answer the gap between the Big Bang and the creation of Earth. Therefore, in order to save their face, they come up with a new claim that here Allah means from Earth only the "matter".
But this lame excuse does not stand a chance while in the very next verse, the Quran made it clear that it is indeed "Earth", while Allah forming on this earth things like mountains and highways.
(Quran 21:31) And We have set on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with them, and We have made therein broad highways
Please also note that the stories of the separation of earth and heaven were already present in many ancient cultures. For example, in Egyptian mythology, the earth and heaven departed from each other due to the separation of Geb (who was the god of earth) from his wife and sister Nut (why was the goddess of heaven). A similar story is found in Gilgamesh.