In the 6th year of Hijri, Muhammad and the Muslim community embarked on a journey to Mecca with the intention of performing the 'Umra (lesser pilgrimage) of the Kaaba. As they approached Mecca, Muhammad sent 'Uthman as a messenger to convey their peaceful intentions to the Meccans, emphasizing that their visit was not for the purpose of warfare but solely for the 'Umra.
However, rumors spread that 'Uthman had been killed by the Meccans, though in reality, he was unharmed.
Upon hearing this news, Muhammad gathered the Muslims and called for a pledge of allegiance to fight against the Meccans and seek revenge for 'Uthman's alleged death. In that moment, Muhammad claimed that Jibril (Gabriel) had appeared to him, and Allah revealed a verse:
Indeed, those who pledge allegiance to you, [O Muhammad] - they are actually pledging allegiance to Allah. The hand of Allah is over their hands. So he who breaks his word only breaks it to the detriment of himself. And he who fulfills that which he has promised Allah - He will give him a great reward.
However, to everyone's surprise, 'Uthman himself appeared alive in the Muslim camp later, refuting the earlier belief of his demise.
Why even send down Gabriel and revelation at this point to back up the wrong assumption? This "Full Participation" of Allah in this allegiance raises questions about Allah's knowledge of the "unseen". Despite the participation of Allah in the process of allegiance and the promised rewards for avenging 'Uthman's blood, Allah seemingly did not know that 'Uthman was still alive.
The simple answer to this conundrum is that there is no Allah in the heavens, but rather Muhammad himself was responsible for the revelations. Since Muhammad was a human and did not possess knowledge of the "unseen", he mistakenly believed that 'Uthman had been killed, leading Allah to share the same belief.
This incident serves as significant evidence that Allah does not exist as a separate entity but that Muhammad himself was the source of the revelations, i.e.:
Muhammad = Allah
Please deeply contemplate on this incident, as it alone provides sufficient evidence to see the reality of the religion and to make yourself free of it.
Islamic Apologist: "It was only Prophet’s beliefs that Uthman was killed, but Allah didn't share this mistake with him".
Ex-Muslim: "Why did Allah not just tell Muhammad that Uthman was ok? Why even send down a revelation at this point to back up Muhammad's wrong assumption?"
Islamic Apologist: "Why did Allah not tell the Prophet he would die at 63? Or that his adopted son Zayd would be killed in Mutah? What if…? What if…? As to why he would let the Pledge take place, it may be due to the reason that He wanted to see the strength of the Iman (Belief) of the companions."
Ex-Muslim: "This argument lacks substance because the incidents you mentioned here pertain to the "FUTURE". However, the incident of 'Uthman's killing relates to the PAST. According to Islamic beliefs, it is the Sunnah of Allah not to disclose future events. Nevertheless, this principle does not apply to past events. This only demonstrates a lack of knowledge on Allah's part regarding the killing of 'Uthman. Furthermore, even if Allah intended to test the companions' dedication to Islam, He could have revealed the Truth (i.e., that 'Uthman had not been killed) just after they had already pledged their allegiance. Allah did sent Jibril along with revelation (according to the Quran), but Allah forgot to mention the truth and to tell the believes the good news about Uthman."
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