You will not find even a single punishment of imprisonment for any crime in Islamic Sharia laws. But ALL the punishments are PHYSICAL, which start from lashes, and end up with hanging, stoning, cutting hands and feet, slaughtering or beheading etc.

Why is it so?

The answer is simple. There were absolutely no prisons present in the ignorant and uncivilized Arab society of Muhammad's era. Therefore, they had to punish people on the spot. And the only way to do it was to give physical punishment for all crimes. 

And since there was no All-Wise Allah present above in the heavens, it was Muhammad who made the Sharia punishments on his own. That is why Muhammad was following the same mentality of his ignorant and uncivilized Arab society and stipulating all kinds of brutal physical punishments. 

Under the commentary of Quranic verse of stealing (Verse 5:38), Ibn Kathir confirmed that it was indeed a practice of the time of ignorance in Arabs even before Islam, and Islam took it from them. He wrote (link):

During the time of Jahiliyyah, this (cutting of hands) was also the punishment for the thief, and Islam upheld this punishment.

It seems that Muhammad initially ordered to cut the hands for even a small thing like an egg or a rope (Reference:  Sahih Bukhari, 6799). But later he increased it to a thing which has a worth of more than 1/4 of a Dinar. This was the Only Change which he made from the laws of pre-Islamic era. Actually, Muslim Scholars are not unanimous upon this change too, but there is a group of Muslim Scholars who believe that hands should be cut for every small crime, even if it is an egg. 

Note:

Not only Islam, but ALL the Barbaric Societies of the world have the exact same concept of immediate brutal physical punishments. For example, Genghiz Khan made the following laws for Mongols (link):

The Yasa prescribes these rules: to love one another, not to commit adultery, not to steal, not to give false witness, not to be a traitor, and to respect old people and beggars. Whoever violates these commands is put to death. [Mahak'ia]

The Purpose of punishment:

Please understand human psychology:

  • Humans are not perfect, but they indeed make mistakes. 
  • Even the most pious people also make mistakes and indulge in wrongdoings. 
  • But humans also have the quality to feel guilty and repent and to reform themselves.
  • But sometimes one needs some extra TIME to realize his mistakes. 

Therefore, the most important purpose of punishment is to provide enough time to a person to think upon his mistake, to feel guilty, and then to reform himself. 

The purpose of punishment is not only to spread FEAR, but the ultimate purpose is to provide a chance to a person to reform himself.

But if a person gets no chance to repent, and immediately killed, or the brutal physical punishment turns him into a disabled cripple, and he becomes a complete burden upon the society, then can such brutal physical punishments be labelled as wisdom from an All-Wise God?

How is such a person whose hands have been cut (or whose one hand and one foot have been cut) going to do a labour work and feed himself and his family? You are actually ultimately compelling that person to commit crime once again in order to save his family from hunger. 

What if you have stoned and killed a father or mother (or both) of a small baby in name of adultery? By doing so, you are only showing cruelty towards the poor baby who will suffer badly too (indirectly) due to these Islamic brutal punishments. 

As compared to the brutal Islamic physical punishments, we see that:

  • One part of punishment consists of "fear" according to human psychology, and this part is present in the punishment of prison. 
  • And the other part of punishment consists of "chance to repent and to reform", which is also present in the punishment of prison. 

Horrible Consequences of the Barbarian Islamic punishments

When you neglect human psychology completely, and go only for extreme brutal physical punishments without any chance to repent and reform, then ultimately people will commit even more horrible crimes in order to hide their previous crimes. 

For example, Islam punishes brutally with stoning in case of adultery. This ultimately compelled thousands of mothers in Pakistan to even strangle and kill their own newborn babies with their own hands, and then to throw in rubbish, in order to save themselves from the brutal Islamic punishment and to safeguard their honour and that of their families. 

Edhi Foundation found 375 bodies of newborn babies in the garbage piles alone in the year 2019, and that too only in one city of Karachi (Pakistan).

Are you able to see any so-called divine wisdom in the killing of these poor newborn babies due to the extreme FEAR of extreme brutal Islamic punishments? 

As compared to Islamic societies, the parents in the non-religious western societies are not compelled to kill their own newborn babies with their own hands, and then to throw in the garbage piles.

Why?

Because, even if they make love without marriage (i.e. so-called adultery according to religions), and get a baby, then:

  • They can still keep their baby to them and neither is anyone going to punish them, or to humiliate that baby later as a Bastard.
  • While according to Islam, not only the parents will be punished with lashes or stoning, but Islamic Sharia also punishes the innocent baby by calling him/her a Bastard (Arabic: Walad-al-Haram ولد ألحرام). And that baby is prohibited to get the name of his father, but he/she will get only the name of his/her mother, so that later he/she could be easily recognised as a Bastard child and can be humiliated in the Islamic society. Punishing an innocent baby by declaring him/her a bastard is one of the worst crimes of Muhammad against the humanity

Please also see this case in Pakistan, where a man committed illegal sex with her daughter-in-law. But 2 small grandsons saw them in that state. Upon that that man killed both of those 2 small kids in order to save himself from the brutal Islamic punishment. And when the mother tried to save the children, then that man killed her too (link). 

Although sexual frustration is much less in the non-religious western societies, but of course it is still possible that a man indulges in sexual relationship with his daughter-in-law there too. But there is no brutal physical punishment for this in the western countries. The maximum punishment is this that husband will divorce the wife and also close ties with the father. Therefore, if the same incident happened in the West, then there would have been more chances that those small kids would have not been killed. 

Please also remember that rate of incest relationships is very high in Islamic societies due to the sexual frustration which occur due to unnatural restrictions upon interaction between men and women.

Please watch the video below, where Miss Shandana Gulzar (Member of National Assembly of Pakistan from the ruling party PTI) is telling about a Research, which was done in hospitals and gynaecologist clinics, which revealed these figures. 

Please also read our detailed article: Incest in Islamic Pakistan.

The Population Council is a famous organization, which published a report that Pakistani hospitals and clinics did 2.25 million cases of illegal abortions alone in the year 2012. These illegal abortions are done by non-married girls and underage girls while it becomes a matter of extreme danger to them due to Islamic brutal punishments and the Islamic honour system and the Islamic system where it punishes the innocent child for whole of his/her life by calling him/her a bastard. 

Actually, it is huge blessing that despite being illegal, still Pakistani hospitals do the abortions on mass scale. Otherwise, thousands of more dead newborn babies would have been found in the garbage piles in Islamic Pakistan. 

Examples of some of the brutal physical punishments of Islamic Sharia

  • If a slave flees: Strike his neck off in the ISIS style. A companion Ibn Jarir beheaded his slave for fleeing according to Muhammad's orders (Sunan Nisai, Hadith 4050, Grade: Sahih). Do you remember Muslim excuse that Islam allowed slavery while they could not afford to live independently, but if any slave fled to live independently, then Islam beheaded him. 
  • Homosexuals: They should be killed in the following ways (1) Burn them in Fire (2) A wall should be made to collapse on them (3) They should be thrown down from a cliff (4) They should be first thrown down from a cliff, and then stoned. (Reference: Largest Fatwa Website Islam Q&A Fatwa1 & Fatwa 2). And two homosexuals were buried under the wall, and then bulldozed by Taliban (link). 
  • Apostasy: Killing in case of a male apostate (An exception: A woman should be kept under house arrest for rest of her life)
  • Blasphemy: Killing at every cost (no repentance is allowed)
  • Drinking: 80 Lashes
  • Hirabah: (1) Crucifixion (تصليب) (2) Cross-amputation (amputation of right hand and left foot)
  • Fornication: 100 lashes, or stoning in case of a married person. 
  • Theft: Cutting the hands.

Muslim claim: Islamic punishments and rules are based on divine wisdom and compatible for all times, and cannot be changed

Muslims even deny today to change these brutal physical punishments of Sharia. They claim that:

  • Islamic punishments are based upon the divine wisdom.
  • Thus, they are compatible for all times.
  • And thus, they could not be changed till Qiyyamah. 

But the reality is those brutal physical punishments of Sharia were not even compatible with that time of Jahiliyyah (ignorance), then what to talk of today. For example:

  • We have pregnancy tests, DNA tests, paternity tests today. It is absolutely no problem to find out the father. But Muslims still want to punish people with 100 lashes and stoning who want to make love in name of parentage of child.
  • Not only this, but Muslims still want to compel women unilaterally to undergo the hardship of 'Iddah (i.e. waiting period) for 3 monthly cycles in case of divorce.
  • Even worse, they still prohibit the divorced pregnant woman to remarry till the birth of child. It was due to the reason that Muhammad falsely thought that another man can water what the previous man (the 1st husband) has sown (i.e. the fetus). Science is very clear if woman has already become pregnant, then other man could do as much sex as possible, but his sperms are not going to have any effects upon the fetus (i.e. he is not going to water the fetus from previous man).
  • Islam didn't accept the witnesses of women in the Hudud cases (like rape, theft and robbery). These rules were not even compatible with the time of ignorance, then what to talk of today.

As far as killing innocent people in name of apostasy and homosexuality is concerned, then it is not only wrong today, but it was even wrong in that time of ignorance too. 

And what to talk about beheading slaves for fleeing, this whole concept of Islamic Slavery is an evil. It is evil today, and it was evil even in that time of ignorance too. 

And as far as drinking is concerned, then the Western countries have successfully restricted the use of alcohol for under age people. As far as drinking by adults is concerned, then it is tolerated while it is not such a big crime. Even more people die from overeating than drinking, but no one punishes people for overeating. 

Islamic States and punishment for theft

If an Islamic State changes the punishment of theft (i.e. it does not cut the hands anymore), or if changes the amount of money from 1/4th of a Dinar, then it becomes a proof that Sharia laws are not compatible with the present time.

And with changing this single law, the rest of the building of Islamic Sharia also automatically collapses, while it was built upon the claim that Sharia punishments are compatible for all times till the judgement day. 

And the situation of Islamic State is this that all of them have already either completely abandoned cutting hands for theft, or even if they cut the hands, then they have changed the amount of money from 1/4th of Dinar to much bigger amount. 

At moment, Saudi Arabia and Iran are the most religious countries. They indeed cut the hands of thieves, but still they are also unable to cut hands only for 1/4th of Dinar. 

And what to talk about Saudia and Iran, none of any Islamic state of the last 1400 years was cutting the hands of thieves for 1/4th of Dinar. 

All the barbaric Islamic punishments have already been present in Saudi Arabic since centuries, but still much more corruption and other crimes are present in Saudia as compared to Japan and many other western countries. Zina was always present in Arabia, corruption was always present, women are harassed during mix gathering of Hajj and 'Umra, So the question is, which Islamic punishment is not present in Saudia. Are people not lashed for fornication? Are there hands not cut off for theft?

The whole Islamic history is witnessing of failure of this brutal system of punishments. 

During the era of caliphate of 'Uthman (the 3rd Caliph), his relatives were involved in corruption at a mega level. It was so huge that at the end Muslims themselves killed 'Uthman Ibn Affan in Medina and let her dead body to rot for 3 days and 3 nights. After that few of his relatives buried him in a Jewish graveyard in the darkness of night (link). 

Islam apologists come up with an excuse that rate of crime is also high in US. But reality is that rate of crimes in US are high only in areas which have low education and where immigrated foreigners live in large numbers. But as far as developed areas are concerned where educated people live, then rate of crime is very low there. Moreover, PEW research showed that the US society is becoming more educated and more civilized, and with that the rate of crime is dropping significantly (link). 

The most honest and non-corrupt people in the world are the non-religious people of Japan and Scandinavian countries

Muslim preachers cite only the example of US for crimes rate, but neglect other non-religious Secular countries, which have extremely low crime and corruption rate. This is only as deception and double standards by Muslim preachers. They have to openly admit that non-religious Secular society has produced much better resulty in controlling the crimes and corruption than Islam, even without barbarian punishments of Islamic Sharia. 

The citizens of Tokyo are the most honest people in the whole world. They returned the lost wallets and money and mobile phones in a record number to the police (link). 

How non-religious Japan controlled the "Hunger for Money"? 

According to human nature, Japan first provided all its citizen enough chances of employment and to earn enough money for their needs and life. And then Japan also educated them morally, right from the childhood. And after some time, the result came in the formation of such a society, which is not indulged in the hunger and greed of money anymore, but this society is at the peak of humanity, and its citizens return the lost money on their own to the police.  

And here is a List of least corrupt countries in the world according to Transparency International (link). All the first 20 countries are non-Muslim countries with non-religion Scandinavian and European countries on the top.