Ist: Muhammad's failure in front of Pagans:

The pagan chiefs called Muhammad over, and they asked him to show them some evidence he was actually a divine Prophet. Muhammad couldn't give them any evidence at all. He just told them to blindly believe what he says.

Ibn Ishaq 188-189:

"Well, Muhammad," they said, "if you won't accept any of our propositions, you know that no people are more short of land and water, and live a harder life than we, so ask your Lord, who has sent you, to remove for us these mountains which shut us in, and to straighten out our country for us, and to open up in it rivers like those of Syria and Iraq, and to resurrect for us our forefathers, and let there be among those that are resurrected for us Qusayy b. Kilab, for he was a true shaikh, so that we may ask them whether what you say is true or false. If they say you are speaking the truth, and you do what we have asked you, we will believe in you, and we shall know what your position with God is, and that He has actually sent you as an apostle as you say."

He replied that he had not been sent to them with such an object. He had conveyed to them God's message, and they could either accept it with advantage, or reject it and await God's judgement.

They said that if he would not do that for them, let him do something for himself. Ask God to send an angel with him to confirm what he said and to contradict them; to make him gardens and castles, and treasures of gold and silver to satisfy his obvious wants. He stood in the streets as they did, and he sought a livelihood as they did. If he could do this, they would recognize his merit and position with God, if he were an apostle as he claimed to be.

He replied that he would not do it, and would not ask for such things, for he was not sent to do so, and he repeated what he had said before.

They said, 'Then let the heavens be dropped on us in pieces,' as you assert that your Lord could do if He wished, for we will not believe you unless you do so.'

The apostle replied that this was a matter for God; if He wanted to do it with them, He would do it.

They said, 'Did not your Lord know that we would sit with you, and ask you these questions, so that He might come to you and instruct you how to answer us, and tell you what He was going to do with us, if we did not receive your message? Information has reached us that you are taught by this fellow in al-Yamama, called al-Rahman, and by God we will never believe in al-Rahman. Our conscience is clear. By God, we will not leave you and our treatment of you, until either we destroy you or you destroy us.' Some said, 'We worship the angels, who are the daughters of Allah.' Others said, 'We will not believe in you until you come to us with God and the angels as a surety."

When they said this the apostle got up and left them."

Quranic also testify that pagans used to ask Muhammad such things, but the writer of Quran always declined it by making one excuse or another.

Quran 42:51:

وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحْيًا أَوْ مِن وَرَآئِ حِجَابٍ أَوْ يُرْسِلَ رَسُولًا فَيُوحِىَ بِإِذْنِهِۦ مَا يَشَآءُ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ عَلِىٌّ حَكِيمٌ
It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him except through revelation, or from behind a veil, or that a messenger (an angel) be sent to him who reveals to him by Allah's leave whatever He wishes. 

So, Muhammad couldn't meet any of the challenges the pagans gave him. If he was actually a prophet of God, these things should have been easy for him to do. Why couldn't he show them one thing they asked to prove he was really a prophet of God? Why would he expect the pagans to just blindly believe him? The pagans pointed his stupidity out.

If a man today came up to Muslims and said he was a prophet, Muslims would obviously ask him to prove it by showing evidence. They wouldn't just blindly accept what he says.

It's also interesting that the pagans said they knew Muhammad was getting taught by a man called al-Rahman. Muhammad was simply repeating things someone else was teaching him.

Moreover, Waraqah ibn Nawfal was a Christian priest who convinced Muhammad to become a prophet. Muhammad went to see him after he first claimed to see Jibril.


2nd: Muhammad's failure in front of Jews

The Bible mentions at several places that the proof of prophethood of a person was a Divine acceptance of a person's sacrificial offering through the appearance of a mysterious fire which consumed the offering. (See Judges 6: 20-1 and 13: 19-20; 2 Chronicles 7: 1-2.). The Quranic verse of 5:27 and Muhammad's Ahadith (link) also tell the story of Adam and his sons, and how the fire appeared and consumed the offering of one son, who sacrificed the sheep. 

Quran 5:27:

Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! they each presented a sacrifice (to Allah): It was accepted from one, but not from the other.

Tafsir Tabari, under verse 5:27 (link):

حدثنـي موسى بن هارون، قال: ثنا عمرو بن حماد، قال: ثنا أسبـاط، عن السديّ، فـيـما ذكر عن أبـي مالك، وعن أبـي صالـح، عن ابن عبـاس. وعن مرّة، عن ابن مسعود، وعن ناس من أصحاب النبـيّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: كان لا يولد لآدم مولود إلا ولد معه جارية، فكان يزوّج غلام هذا البطن جارية هذا البطن الآخر، ويزوّج جارية هذا البطن غلام البطن هذا الآخر. حتـى ولد له ابنان يقال لهما: قابـيـل، وهابـيـل، وكان قابـيـل صاحب زرع، وكان هابـيـل صاحب ضرع. وكان قابـيـل أكبرهما، وكان له أخت أحسن من أخت هابـيـل. وإن هابـيـل طلب أن ينكح أخت قابـيـل، فأبى علـيه وقال: هي أختي ولدت معي، وهي أحسن من أختك، وأنا أحقّ أن أتزوّجها. فأمره أبوه أن يزوّجها هابـيـل فأبى. وإنهما قرّبـا قربـاناً إلـى الله أيهما أحقّ بـالـجارية، وكان آدم يومئذ قد غاب عنهما إلـى مكة ينظر إلـيها، قال الله لآدم: يا آدم، هل تعلـم أن لـي بـيتاً فـي الأرض؟ قال: اللهمّ لا قال: فإن لـي بـيتاً بـمكة فأته فقال آدم للسماء: احفظي ولدي بـالأمانة، فأبت. وقال للأرض فأبت، وقال للـجبـال فأبت، وقال لقابـيـل، فقال: نعم تذهب وترجع وتـجد أهلك كما يسرّك. فلـما انطلق آدم قرّبـا قربـاناً، وكان قابـيـل يفخر علـيه، فقال: أنا أحقّ بها منك، هي أختـي، وأنا أكبر منك، وأنا وصيّ والديّ. فلـما قرّبـا، قرّب هابـيـل جذعة سمينة، وقرّب قابـيـل حُزمة سنبل، فوجد فـيها سنبلة عظيـمة ففركها فأكلها. فنزلت النار فأكلت قربـان هابـيـل، وتركت قربـان قابـيـل، فغضب وقال: لأقتلنك حتـى لا تنكح أختـي فقال هابـيـل { إنَّـمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الـمُتَّقِـينَ }.


It was narrated from as-Suddi, in his narration from Abu Maalik and from Abu Saalih from Ibn ‘Abbaas, and from Murrah from Ibn Mas‘ood, and from some of the companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): No son was born to Adam but a daughter would be born with him, and the boy from this pregnancy would marry the girl from another pregnancy, and the girl from this pregnancy would marry a boy from another pregnancy. This continued till two boys Qabeel and Habeel were born. Qabeel was a grower of crops, and Habeel kept the livestock of animals. Qabeel was the elder one, and the sister that was born along with him was more beautiful than the girl who was born along with Habeel. When Habeel wished to marry the sister of Qabeel, then Qabeel refused to accept it and said: "She is my sister as she was born along with me, and she is more beautiful than your sister, and thus I have more right to marry her. But his father (i.e. Adam) ordered him to let Habeel marry her, but Qabeel still refused. And both of them offered a sacrifice to see who had more right upon that girl ... Habeel offered a fat lamb as offering, while Qabeel offered a sheaf of corn, but took out a big corn from it and ate it. Fire came down (from heaven) and consumed the offering of Habeel, but not that of Qaabeel [i.e., Haabeel’s offering was accepted and Qaabeel’s was not]. Upon that Qabeel became angry and he said: "I will certainly kill you, and you will not be able to marry my sister. 
Grade: Sahih (Albani)

Thus, when Muhammad claimed prophethood, then Jews demanded him to prove his prophethood through the same miracle of fire consuming his offering. 

It became impossible for Muhammad to deny this demand as a proof, while it was clearly present in the Bible, and Muhammad had already repeated the story of Adam and his sons and proof of Divine acceptance in form of fire consuming the offering. 

Therefore, this time Muhammad up came with a new excuse, in which he although accepted that the practice of accepting prophethood was indeed the miracle of fire accepting the offering, but he refused to show this miracle by blaming Jews that they killed their prophets.

Quran 3:183:

They (the Jews) said: "Allah took our promise not to believe in any messenger unless He showed us a sacrifice consumed by Fire (From heaven)." Say: "There came to you messengers before me, with clear Signs and even with what ye ask for: why then did ye slay them, if ye speak the truth?"

But this excuse from the writer of the Quran (i.e. Muhammad himself) does not make sense due to several reasons. 

(1) Firstly, a person cannot be punished for the crimes of his ancestors. And in this case, the writer of the Quran is doing nothing else than claiming to punish the Jews of era of Muhammad, due to wrongdoing of few of their ancestors, which is totally against the divine Justice. 

Please also remember the story of the wolf and the lamb. The wolf had to eat the lamb, and he kept on blaming lamb for different crimes. And at the end, he indeed ate the lamb by blaming him that it was then his parents (i.e. ancestors) who committed that crime.

(PS: Of course, Jews deny this charge of killing prophets, but consider this allegation as a conspiracy against them (link))

(2) Secondly, the Jews of Muhammad's era still firmly believed in their holy book. Thus, they also firmly believed that the proof of prophethood was passing the miracle test too. Why was then it counted as their fault if they also asked Muhammad for the same proof, and rejected him after his failure? 

When the Jewish holy books predict the coming of Muhammad (according to Muslim claim), then Islam wants Jews to follow their holy books. But when these same holy books of Jews ask them to demand the miracle of fire as a proof of prophethood, then Islam wants them to abandon their holy books and not to follow them. This approach is known as double standards

(3) Thirdly, the writer of the Quran is going against his own claim, where he said multiple times in the Quran that you will never see any change in the practices/ways (Arabic: Sunnah) of Allah.

Quran 48:23:

سُنَّةَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّتِى قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلُ ۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّةِ ٱللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا

[This is] the established way of Allah which has occurred before. And never will you find in the way of Allah any change.

Quran 35:43:

 فَهَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ ٱلْأَوَّلِينَ ۚ فَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ ٱللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا ۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ ٱللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا

Then do they await except the way of the former peoples? But you will never find in the way of Allah any change, and you will never find in the way of Allah any alteration.

Since Muhammad was unable to perform the miracle of fire in front of Jews, thus the ways of Allah changed immediately to accommodate Muhammad's inability to perform miracle. 

(4) Fourthly, the ancestors of pagans (i.e. Mushrikeen) of Mecca didn't kill the prophets like Jews.

Therefore, according to the Sunnah of Allah, it was necessary for Muhammad to show them at least the miracle where the sacrificial offering would have been consumed by a mysterious fire. 

But instead of showing them the miracle of fire consuming the offering, Muhammad was constantly making excuses that he was not sent to show them any miracle. 


Why did Muhammad change the Sunnah of Allah in front of Meccans and didn't show them the miracle of fire?

Allah enabled Moses to show a miracle in front of Mushrik Pharaoh and his people, but Allah again changed His Sunnah (i.e. way/practice) in case of Mushrikeen of Mecca and Muhammad.

And the reason is very simple. None in the era of Muhammad (when Quran was revealed) was able to go back in the time of Moses and Adam and could have confirmed the fantasy stories of Quran. 

Nevertheless, Muhammad got red handed when Meccans and then later Jews asked him to show the miracles according to the Sunnah of Allah. 

Double Standards: Muhammad always denied to show any miracle of his prophethood, but always demanded others to show miracle of their prophethood

You have seen above how Muhammad always denied to show any miracle of his prophethood. But now let us see the following tradition, in which Muhammad himself demanding other to show miracle as a proof of their prophethood. 

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 3055:

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Umar and a group of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) set out with the Prophet to Ibn Saiyad. He found him playing with some boys near the hillocks of Bani Maghala. Ibn Saiyad at that time was nearing his puberty. He did not notice (the Prophet's presence) till the Prophet (ﷺ) stroked him on the back with his hand and said, "Ibn Saiyad! Do you testify that I am Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)?" Ibn Saiyad looked at him and said, "I testify that you are the Apostle of the illiterates." Then Ibn Saiyad asked the Prophet. "Do you testify that I am the apostle of Allah?" The Prophet (ﷺ) said to him, "I believe in Allah and His Apostles." Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said (to Ibn Saiyad). "What do you see?" Ibn Saiyad replied, "True people and false ones visit me." The Prophet said, "Your mind is confused as to this matter." The Prophet (ﷺ) added, " I have kept something (in my mind) for you." Ibn Saiyad said, "It is Ad-Dukh." The Prophet (ﷺ) said (to him), "Shame be on you! You cannot cross your limits." On that 'Umar said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! Allow me to chop his head off." The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "If he should be him (i.e. Ad-Dajjal) then you cannot overpower him, and should he not be him, then you are not going to benefit by murdering him."

Third Incident: Muhammad's failure to immediately (or to properly) answer the questions that Meccans asked him

There was a third incident too, where pagan Meccans wanted to test Muhammad's claims. Jews wrote to Meccans to ask Muhammad 3 questions about the people of Cave, Dhulqarnain and the Spirit. 

And when Meccans asked those question from Muhammad, then he was unable to answer those questions for the next 15 days, and he made an excuse that Gabriel didn't came to him with answers due to the presence of a puppy in his home.

Imam Syuti recorded the following tradition in commentary under verse 18:23 (link):

أخرج ابن المنذرعن مجاهد، أن قريشاً اجتمعت فقالوا: " يا محمد، قد رغبت عن ديننا ودين آبائنا، فما هذا الدين الذي جئت به؟ قال: هذا دين جئت به من الرحمن. فقالوا: إنا لا نعرف الرحمن، إلا رحمن اليمامة - يعنون مسيلمة الكذاب - ثم كاتبوا اليهود فقالوا: قد نبغ فينا رجل يزعم أنه نبي، وقد رغب عن ديننا ودين آبائنا، ويزعم أن الذي جاء به من الرحمن. قلنا: لا نعرف الرحمن إلا رحمن اليمامة، وهو أمين لا يخون.. وفيّ لا يغدر.. صدوق لا يكذب، وهو في حسب وثروة من قومه، فاكتبوا إلينا بأشياء نسأله عنها. فاجتمعت يهود فقالوا: إن هذا لوصفه وزمانه الذي يخرج فيه. فكتبوا إلى قريش: أن سلوه عن أمر أصحاب الكهف، وعن ذي القرنين، وعن الروح. فإن يكن الذي أتاكم به من الرحمن، فإن الرحمن هو الله عز وجل، وإن يكن من رحمن اليمامة فينقطع. فلما أتى ذلك قريشاً أتى الظفر في أنفسها فقالوا: يا محمد، قد رغبت عن ديننا ودين آبائك... فحدثنا عن أمر أصحاب الكهف وذي القرنين والروح. قال: ائتوني غداً. ولم يستثن، فمكث جبريل عنه ما شاء الله لا يأتيه، ثم أتاه فقال: سألوني عن أشياء لم يكن عندي بها علم فأجيب حتى شق ذلك عليّ. قال: ألم ترنا لا ندخل بيتاً فيه كلب ولا صورة؟ - وكان في البيت جرو كلب - ونزلت { ولا تقولن لشيء إني فاعل ذلك غداً إلا أن يشاء الله واذكر ربك إذا نسيت وقل عسى أن يهدين ربي لأقرب من هذا رشداً } من علم الذي سألتموني عنه أن يأتي قبل غد؟ ونزل ما ذكر من أصحاب الكهف ونزلويسألونك عن الروح... } [الإسراء: 85] الآية ".

Ibn Mundhir narrated from Mujahid that pagans of Quraysh gathered and they said to Muhammad: "You have deviated from the religion of our ancestors. From where did you get this new religion?" Muhammad replied: "This religion is from Rehman." The Quraysh said: "We don't know any other Rehman except the one from Yemen." The Quraysh considered Musaylmah Kadhab from it (who was another person who claimed false prophethood in the era of Muhammad, and who also claimed his new religion from al-Rahman i.e. God). Then Quraysh wrote to Jews that there had appeared a person among them, who claims himself to be a prophet, and he had left the religion of their ancestors ... Jews replied: "Asked him 3 questions about the Ashab-e-Kuhf (The people of Cave), Dhulqarnain and Ruh (i.e. the Spirit). If he will really be able to reply to those questions, then he is from Rahman who is God. But if Rahman is from Yemen, then he will not be able to reply them." Quraysh became happy upon it and they said to Muhammad: "If you have already left the religion of our ancestors, then tell us about Ashab-e-Kuhf (The people of Cave), Dhulqarnain, and the spirit."  Muhammad said to them: "Come to me tomorrow (and I will reply)." But Muhammad forgot to say Insha-Allah (i.e. if Allah wills). Gabriel came to him after only 15 days. Muhammad said to Gabriel: "Quraysh came to me and they asked me about somethings (as a test of my prophethood), which I didn't know. Thus, I was in a very difficult state during this period." Gabriel replied: "Have you not seen we (i.e. angels) don't enter a house which has a dog or a picture? And there was a puppy in your house (who entered the house and Muhammad didn't know about it)." Upon that it was revealed: [... and do not enquire about those questions from any one of them. And never say of anything, "Indeed, I will do that tomorrow," Except (when adding), "If Allah wills." Quran 18:22-24] (i.e. puppy entered his house while he forgot to say Insha-Allah).

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 3227:

Narrated Salim's father: Once Gabriel promised the Prophet (that he would visit him, but Gabriel did not come) and later on he said, "We, angels, do not enter a house which contains a picture or a dog."

The actual situation was:

  • Muhammad neither knew anything about those 3 questions, nor had he any contact with any god or angel.
  • Therefore, Muhammad started inquiring others about them, and it took Muhammad 15 days to gather some incomplete information. 
  • And then he made an excuse that he was not able to answer the questions the next day (as he had promised), while he forgot to say Insha-Allah (i.e. If Allah wills), and thus a puppy entered in his house and Gabriel was unable to enter the house and to come to him with the answers of those questions. 

But this excuse cannot be accepted, while:

  • Muhammad did indeed go outside of his house too during those 15 days for relieving himself and to pray in the mosques. Why didn't then Gabriel come to him there? 
  • How the purity of great angel like Gabriel was unable to overcome the impurity of a small puppy? 
  • And how the purity of Muhammad himself was not able to overcome the impurity of a small puppy?
  • What about the 2 angels Kiraman Katibin (who are sitting on the shoulders of every person and record their good/bad deed according to Islam). Are Kirman-Katibeen also expelled out of the house through dogs, and one is free to do any sin inside the house and no one is there to record it?
  • And if dogs are really so impure, why did then people of cave take a dog along with them? 

In simple words, Muhammad used that puppy as a scapegoat for his inability to answer those questions the next day

Muhammad's answer to those 3 questions after collecting some incomplete information from people

Muhammad was inquiring people for information about those 3 questions. After 15 days, he came up with the answers. Nevertheless, the answers were still very vague where a lot of excuses were made to not to answer things clearly and correctly. 

Let us see the answers:

(1) The People of Cave (Ashab-e-Kuhf):

Muhammad failed completely in telling the exact numbers of the people of cave:

Quran 18:22:

Some will say concerning them: "They were three and their dog, the fourth"; and some will say: "They were five, and their dog, the sixth" -- all this being merely guesswork; and still others will say: "They were seven, and their dog, the eighth." Say: "My Lord knows their number best. Only a few know their correct number. So do not dispute concerning their number, but stick to what is evident, and do not question anyone about them (i.e. Muhammad was asking questions about them from people during those 15 days)." (Maududi)

On one side, Muhammad claimed that his Allah knew their numbers exactly, but on the other side Allah didn't tell exactly their numbers. Why?

What harm would have happened if Allah had told the exact numbers of the people of cave? 

The exact reason is Muhammad asked this question to different people during those 15 days and got contradictory answer about their numbers. Some told him they were 7, some said 5, and some said 3. Thus, at the end, Muhammad and his so-called Allah failed completely to answer the exact question i.e. how many were they.

Thus, Muhammad totally denied to answer this question by telling Meccans that he cannot tell their numbers exactly while his Allah had prohibited him to dispute about their numbers, and he (i.e. Muhammad) had to stick only to what is evident (i.e. the people of cave indeed exist). 

Actually, the incident of people of cave, was only a fairy tale. But Muhammad took it to be a real incident. 

Note: Linda Kelly wrote (link):

Hadith tells us that angels won't enter a room where there is a dog. That means that for 309 years that the sleepers (i.e. the people of cave who were sleeping in the cave) were in the cave, no angel ever entered. Yet God says "We turned them...." The use of "we" clearly indicates the participation of angels. There is absolutely no reason to mention the dog as part of this story, except to make it clear to future generation that dogs are permitted to live among people, right "in their midst." And 18:22 clearly shows that the dog was counted right along with the believers

(2) Dhulqarnain:

Quran 18:83-88:

And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about Dhul-Qarnayn. Say, "I will recite to you about him a report." We granted him power in the land and endowed him with all kinds of resources. He set out (westwards) on an expedition, until when he reached the very limits where the sun sets, he saw it setting in a spring (of) dark mud;
(.....then Quran told about the story of Dhulqarnain about his journey towards the last part of East ... and then Quran told about the story about the construction of wall which protects against Gog and Magog).

Here Muhammad again failed to tell the actual question, i.e. who the real character was behind Dhulqarnain. And this vague answer by Quran/Muhammad let Muslims in an endless cycle of confusion. For example:

  • Ibn Ishaq said that Dulqarnain was from Egypt. 
  • Ibn Hisham said that Dhulqarnain was Alexander the Great, who built the city of Athens.
  • And when Ali Ibn Abi Talib was asked about Dhulqarnain, then he said that he was a pious man, and he had two horns and thus he was known as Dhulqarnain (means a person with two horns). 

All these contradictory statements only prove that none benefitted from these verses about the question of who the real character was behind Dhulqarnain. 

Moreover, there are so many scientific mistakes in this story of Quranic Dhulqarnain. For example:

  • When the Quran claims that sun sets into a spring of dark water, then it is a huge scientific mistake. 
  • Moreover, today science has made it possible to search the whole planet earth, but neither has anyone ever found the wall that was made by Dhulqarnain, nor the nation of Gog and Magog whose numbers are so great that they outnumber the pople on this planet earth. 

We need a separate detailed article about these scientific mistakes in the Quranic story of Dhulqarnain. 

(3) Ruh (The Spirit):

And the 3rd answer was ever vaguer than the first 2 answers. 

Quran 17:85:

They ask thee concerning the Spirit. Say: "The Spirit (cometh) by command of my Lord: of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you, (O men!)"

Actually, Muhammad simply denied to answer this 3rd question by hiding behind this excuse that only little is told to humans about the spirit. 

Result of these 3 Answers:

  • Muhammad didn't answer those 3 questions, but he actually "dodged" those 3 questions.
  • And as a result, not even a single person from Quraysh considered Muhammad to pass that test. And thus none of them accepted Islam. In fact, they became even more hostile to Muhammad while they then became surer than before that Muhammad got no revelation from Allah, but he was making all revelations on his own. 

PS: The issue of Muhammad's hatred against dogs is very important. Please read our detailed article on this issue here: Mystery of Muhammad's hatred against DOGS ⭐ ᵐᵘˢᵗ⁻ʳᵉᵃᵈ ⭐



Where there are contradictions, there are always lies present there. Don't let anyone fool you anymore, and let you swallow all these contradictions. 

Dr. Ali Shariati wrote:

At the birth of holy prophet (pbuh), enormous fire of Zoroastrians which had been burning for thousands of years in Istihrabad suddenly died out, fourteen towers of Kisra’s Palace in the city of Madayin fell down, but it effected not a single person in Mecca. It would have been a better if all 360 idols in Ka'ba would have fell down, so that the people of Meccan would know that something special happened on that day. But no such thing happened. (Ref: Dr. Ali Shariati, Book 23 Years).