The Quran contains many scientific errors regarding the nature of meteors, also known as shooting stars. According to the Quran:
- It describes the existence of seven heavens, with the lowest heaven being closest to Earth.
- The stars are depicted as burning lamps placed under the lowest heaven to adorn it.
- These stars are said to transform into shooting stars (flames of fire) when angels throw them as missiles to attack the devils who try to listen to Allah's commandments in the first heaven.
However, modern scientific knowledge contradicts this Quranic account:
- Asteroids, large rocks orbiting the sun, are primarily found between Mars and Jupiter, with some coming closer to Earth.
- When asteroids collide, they break into smaller fragments called meteoroids.
- Meteoroids enter Earth's atmosphere from space due to gravitational forces. As they travel at high speeds, they burn up and emit light, appearing as meteors or shooting stars.
Let us see proof of these Quranic blunders.
Table of Contents:
- Quranic claim: Stars are lamps that transform into 'burning flames' (i.e. shooting stars) when hit to the devils
- 1st Blunder: Meteoroids are neither stars, nor lamps, nor do they emit light, nor do they beautify 1st heaven
- 2nd Blunder: Meteoroids never pursue or chase anything, such as devils, but instead, they merely follow the gravitational path
- 3rd Blunder: The Quran implies that the 1st Heaven of Earth is merely 62 miles away from Earth
- 4th Blunder: Contradiction in the Quran regarding the distance of the 1st heaven
- 5th Blunder: Devils create a ladder by standing on each other's shoulders to reach the 1st heaven
- 6th Blunder: Only after the prophethood of Muhammad, devils are hit by shooting stars
- 7th Blunder: The false Challenge of Allah that humans (and Jinns) cannot cross the regions of heavens and EARTH
- Only a SINGLE scientific mistake is enough to prove that whole Islam is fake
Quranic claim: Stars are lamps that transform into 'burning flames' (i.e. shooting stars) when hit to the devils
Please see the following 2 verses:
And certainly We have beautified the Heaven of Earth (i.e. the lowest heaven from among the 7 heaves, and which is closest to the Earth. Arabic: السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا) with lamps (i.e. stars) and We have made them (as) missiles for the devils.
Indeed, We have adorned (lowest of 7 heavens, i.e.) the heaven of Earth (Arabic: السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا) with an adornment of stars. And (to) guard against every devil rebellious, [So] they may not listen to the exalted assembly [of angels] and are pelted from every side. Repelled; and for them is a constant punishment. Except one who snatches [some words] by theft, but they are pursued/chased by a burning flame, piercing [in brightness].
The Quranic verses state that:
- Stars serve as beautiful lamps adorning the lowest heaven, closest to Earth.
- These celestial objects are described as being transformed into burning flames, akin to shooting stars, when used as missiles against the devils who attempt to eavesdrop on the heavenly assembly of angels.
Thus, according to these verses, Allah asserts that stars are radiant lamps positioned by Him in the first heaven to enhance its beauty and, when required, become fiery projectiles to repel and punish rebellious devils seeking forbidden knowledge from the divine assembly.
The following Hadith also proves that these burning flames are the same as meteors, which are thrown upon devils, and we (humans) can also watch them (as these shooting stars are meteors):
قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي رَجُلٌ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ أَنَّهُمْ بَيْنَمَا هُمْ جُلُوسٌ لَيْلَةً مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رُمِيَ بِنَجْمٍ فَاسْتَنَارَ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " مَاذَا كُنْتُمْ تَقُولُونَ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ إِذَا رُمِيَ بِمِثْلِ هَذَا " . قَالُوا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ كُنَّا نَقُولُ وُلِدَ اللَّيْلَةَ رَجُلٌ عَظِيمٌ وَمَاتَ رَجُلٌ عَظِيمٌ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " فَإِنَّهَا لاَ يُرْمَى بِهَا لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ وَلَكِنْ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى اسْمُهُ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا سَبَّحَ حَمَلَةُ الْعَرْشِ ثُمَّ سَبَّحَ أَهْلُ السَّمَاءِ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ التَّسْبِيحُ أَهْلَ هَذِهِ السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ قَالَ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَ حَمَلَةَ الْعَرْشِ لِحَمَلَةِ الْعَرْشِ مَاذَا قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ فَيُخْبِرُونَهُمْ مَاذَا قَالَ - قَالَ - فَيَسْتَخْبِرُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ السَّمَوَاتِ بَعْضًا حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْخَبَرُ هَذِهِ السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا فَتَخْطَفُ الْجِنُّ السَّمْعَ فَيَقْذِفُونَ إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ وَيُرْمَوْنَ بِهِ فَمَا جَاءُوا بِهِ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ فَهُوَ حَقٌّ وَلَكِنَّهُمْ يَقْرِفُونَ فِيهِ وَيَزِيدُونَ " .
As we were sitting during the night with Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), a meteor (Note: The Hadith does not use the word meteor, but STAR بِنَجْمٍ , while people of that era of ignorance thought that the whole star becomes a shooting star, and Muhammad also followed them in this scientific mistake) gave a dazzling light. Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: What did you say in the pre-Islamic days when there was such a shooting star? They said: Allah and His Messenger know best (the actual position), but we, however, used to say that that very night a great man had been born and a great man had died, whereupon Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: These shooting stars neither appear at the death of anyone nor on the birth of anyone. Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, issues Command when He decides to do a thing. Then (the Angels) supporting the Throne sing His glory, then sing the dwellers of heaven who are near to them until this glory of God reaches them who are in the heaven of this world (i.e. the first and the lowest heaven, السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا). Then those who are near the supporters of the Throne ask these supporters of the Throne: What your Lord has said? And they accordingly inform them what He says. Then the dwellers of heaven seek information from them until this information reaches the (lowest) heaven of the world. In this process of transmission (the jinn snatches) what he manages to overhear and he carries it to his friends. And when the Angels see the jinn (devil) they attack them with the meteors (shooting stars). If they narrate only which they manage to snatch that is correct but they alloy it with lies and make additions to it.
Therefore, in this hadith:
- The companions witnessed meteors (which humans do see with their naked eyes), and Muhammad affirmed to them that these celestial phenomena were, indeed, the burning flames employed to assail and chase the devils.
- Moreover, Muhammad also confirmed in this hadith that the whole star نجم becomes a shooting star (i.e. meteor), which is a scientific mistake.
Furthermore, the following supporting Hadith establishes too that these whole stars turn into shooting stars (i.e. meteors)
وَعَن قتادةَ قَالَ: خلقَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى هَذِه النجومَ لثلاثٍ جَعَلَهَا زِينَةً لِلسَّمَاءِ وَرُجُومًا لِلشَّيَاطِينِ
Qatada said God most high created these stars for three purposes; He made them an adornment for the sky, missiles for the devils, and signs by which people find their way.
1st Blunder: Meteoroids are neither stars, nor lamps, nor do they emit light, nor do they beautify 1st heaven
Contrary to the Quranic assertion:
- The stars, described as lamps and visible celestial bodies that enhance the splendour of the first heaven, do not transform into shooting stars as claimed.
- Instead, shooting stars, known as meteoroids, are small pebble-sized objects that ignite into burning flames upon entering Earth's atmosphere.
- Prior to their atmospheric entry, meteoroids do not emit light like lamps nor serve as adornments for the sky; in fact, they remain dark and imperceptible to the naked eye.
- Moreover, meteoroids do not possess the ability to guide people in finding their way.
2nd Blunder: Meteoroids never pursue or chase anything, such as devils, but instead, they merely follow the gravitational path
According to the Quran and Ahadith, a burning flame is hurled at the devil, and then it pursues or chases the devil like a missile.
And We have placed within the heaven great stars and have beautified it for the observers. And We have protected it from every devil accursed. Except one who steals a hearing and is chased away by a clear burning flame.
Indeed, We have adorned (lowest of 7 heavens, i.e.) the heaven of Earth (Arabic: السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا) with an adornment of stars. And (to) guard against every devil rebellious, [So] they may not listen to the exalted assembly [of angels] and are pelted from every side. Repelled; and for them is a constant punishment. Except one who snatches [some words] by theft, but they are pursued by a burning flame, piercing [in brightness].
If these Quranic verses are indeed accurate, then:
- Firstly, an angel must specifically aim at the devils while throwing the burning flame.
- Secondly, pursuing or chasing an escaping devil like a missile also implies that the burning flame should have the ability to change its path.
However, the Quran is mistaken in this regard, as shooting stars never alter their path. They solely follow the gravity of the earth and adhere to the laws of physics, traveling in a straight line.
Science can already foretell in advance when (on what date and at what time) the devils will steal the so-called command of Allah from the 1st heaven
Please read the following news (link):
Up to 50 shooting stars an hour are expected to light up the night sky during the Eta Aquarid meteor shower. The dazzling display takes place between April 19 and May 28 but will peak this year on Friday (May 6) ... Experts at Royal Observatory Greenwich say the best time to catch a glimpse of the celestial display – which will be visible all over the world – will be between midnight and dawn on Friday ...
Thus, scientists can now predict in advance:
- The specific date and time when the devils will supposedly steal the so-called command of Allah from the 1st heaven.
- They can also anticipate the "rate of stealing," i.e., how many devils will allegedly steal the commands of Allah per hour (up to 50 shooting stars an hour during the Eta Aquarid meteor shower).
This implies that modern scientists seemingly possess knowledge of the future, paralleling Allah's omniscience.
We just hope that Muslims can realize how ridiculous the Quranic story about devils and shooting stars has become in the light of modern science.
According to the Quran, when devils attempt to eavesdrop on the assembly of angels to hear the commands of Allah, they are struck with burning flames or meteors.
However, modern science has demonstrated that meteoroids only ignite upon entering Earth's atmosphere from space. Since space begins approximately 62 miles above Earth's surface, it suggests that the 1st Heaven is situated within this distance of 62 miles according to the Quran.
[The Jinns said] We sought to touch the heaven but we found it filled (with) guards severe, and burning flames. And we used to sit therein in positions for hearing, but whoever listens now will find a burning flame lying in wait for him.
Consider this: If scientists are not blind, they have not observed any solid heaven as the Quran and Ahadith claim, positioned only 62 miles away. Additionally, they have not witnessed the assembly of angels, nor have they seen Adam laughing and weeping, or the descendants of Adam there. Refer to the following Hadith:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ... Gabriel ascended with me to the heaven, and when we came to the lowest heaven (i.e. the heaven of the earth), Gabriel said to the guardian of the lowest heaven: Open. He asked who was there? He replied. It is Gabriel. He again asked who is there with you. He replied: Yes, it is Muhammad with me. He was asked if he had been sent for, He (Gabriel) said: Yes. Then he opened (the gate). When we ascended the lowest heaven (I saw) a man seated with parties on his right side and parties on his left side. When he looked up to his right, he laughed and when he looked to his left, he wept. He said: Welcome to the righteous apostle and the righteous son. I asked Gabriel who he was and he replied: He is Adam (peace be upon him) and these parties on his right and on his left are the souls of his descendants. Those of them on his right are the inmates of Paradise and the parties which are on his left side are the inmates of Hell; so when he looked towards his right side, he laughed, and when he looked towards his left side, he wept.
It casts doubt on the credibility of the Quran's writer, who may have narrated fictional tales to impress the people of that era when knowledge was limited, thinking no one could verify or refute his stories about shooting stars.
On one hand, the Quran's writer claimed that shooting star incidents occur in the 1st heaven, implying that it is 62 miles away from Earth.
However, on the other hand, the same writer also asserted that all stars are positioned under the 1st heaven, placed by Allah to adorn this lowest heaven.
Indeed, We (Allah) have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment of stars
Modern science, however, has exposed this contradiction in the Quran, proving that stars are actually located billions of light-years away from Earth.
We urge Muslims to contemplate this apparent inconsistency in the Quran.
This so-called Sahih Hadith presents an absurd account where Muhammad claims that devils ascend to the 1st heaven by forming a ladder of sorts, with the uppermost devil stealing the command of Allah and passing it down the chain to the lowest devil on Earth.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Prophet said, "When Allah decrees some order in the heaven, the angels flutter their wings indicating complete surrender to His saying which sounds like chains being dragged on rock. And when the state of fear disappears, they ask each other, "What has your Lord ordered? They say that He has said that which is true and just, and He is the Most High, the Most Great." (34.23). Then the stealthy listeners (devils) hear this order, and these stealthy listeners are like this, one over the other [i.e. standing upon the shoulders of each other and making a ladder]." Sufyan, a sub-narrator demonstrated that by holding his hand upright and separating the fingers. A stealthy listener hears a word which he will convey to that which is below him and the second will convey it to that which is below him till the last of them will convey it to the wizard or foreteller. Sometimes a flame (fire) may strike the devil before he can convey it, and sometimes he may convey it before the flame (fire) strikes him, whereupon the wizard adds to that word a hundred lies. The people will then say, 'Didn't he (i.e. magician) tell such-and-such a thing on such-and-such date?' So that magician is said to have told the truth because of the Statement which has been heard from the heavens."
According to the Quran, the 1st heaven is located billions of light-years away from Earth, as all stars exist under the 1st heaven to beautify it.
On the other hand, Muhammad's account states that devils can reach this faraway 1st heaven by merely standing on each other's shoulders.
It is highly implausible for any rational person in this modern scientific era to believe in such a ridiculous fairytale promoted by Muhammad.
Furthermore, the Hadith becomes even more absurd when it claims that the missiles struck by Allah's orders sometimes miss their targets, allowing the devil to successfully pass on Allah's commands to the devil below him.
Apologists may argue that the Quran and Hadith are not books of science, but the question remains: Why do Allah and Muhammad present completely false scientific facts in them if they are not meant to be taken as scientific truths?
It is important to understand why the writer of the Quran, who we believe to be Muhammad himself, fabricated the story of shooting stars and devils.
Despite claiming prophethood and receiving news of the future and the unseen from Allah, people still sought the services of soothsayers to inquire about the future. Muhammad even narrated the story of Moses in the Quran, where soothsayers foretold Pharaoh about the birth of Moses, who would eventually destroy his throne. Consequently, people continued to visit soothsayers, offering them money and sacrifices to gain knowledge about the future.
Muhammad desired to monopolize the domain of future knowledge and unseen events by discrediting soothsayers. To achieve this, he invented a narrative stating that soothsayers could indeed foretell the future in the past, as devils used to bring them news from the 1st heaven. However, after Muhammad's prophethood, this practice ceased, and Allah began to hit the devils with shooting stars whenever they tried to eavesdrop on His commands in the 1st heaven. Muhammad cited Quran 72:8-9 as evidence of this change.
[The Jinns said] We sought to touch the heaven but we found it filled (with) guards severe, and burning flames. And we used to sit therein (in the past) in positions for hearing, but whoever listens now (i.e. after the prophethood of Muhammad) will find a burning flame lying in wait for him.
By crafting this story, Muhammad successfully undermined the significance of soothsayers and their ability to predict the future. However, this story created another issue. If shooting stars were not used for hitting the devils before Muhammad's prophethood, what purpose did the transformation of stars into burning flames (shooting stars) serve during that time?
Muhammad, or the writer of the Quran, never addressed this question during his lifetime, perhaps unable to provide a satisfactory explanation.
Later generations of Muslims were also unable to present any conclusive evidence to support this claim. Ibn Kathir attempted to provide an argument in his Tafsir (under verse 72:8), suggesting that incidents of shooting stars (meteors) occurred before Muhammad's prophethood, but they were infrequent (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, under verse 72:8):
It used to be that shooting stars (meteors) occurred before this (i.e. the prophethood of Muhammad), however it did not happen much, rather only occasionally.
Every sane person can see that the argument of Ibn Kathir is nothing more than a lame excuse and a lie. There is no proof that incidents of meteors occurred only occasionally before Muhammad, and their rate increased after his prophethood. Meteors were falling all over the world, and none of the people of that era in the rest of the world noted any increase in the rate of meteors after the prophethood of Muhammad.
Furthermore, this story served not only to negate the importance of soothsayers but also to elevate Muhammad's importance. He claimed that some jinns came to him and accepted Islam under his guidance.
Ibn 'Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) neither recited the Qur'an to the Jinn nor did he see them. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) went out with some of his Companions with the intention of going to the bazaar of 'Ukaz And there had been (at that time) obstructions between satans and the news from the Heaven, and there were flung flames upon them. So satan went back to their people and they said: What has happened to you? They said: There have been created obstructions between us and the news from the Heaven. And there have been flung upon us flames. They said: It cannot happen but for some (important) event. So traverse the eastern parts of the earth and the western parts and find out why is it that there have been created obstructions between us and the news from the Heaven. So they went forth and traversed the easts of the earth and its wests. Some of them proceeded towards Tihama and that is a nakhl towards the bazaar of 'Ukaz and he (the Holy Prophet) was leading his Companions in the morning prayer. So when they heard the Qur'an. they listened to it attentively and said: It is this which has caused obstruction between us and news from the Heaven. They went back to their people and said: O our people, we have heard a strange Qur'an which directs us to the right path; so we affirm our faith in it and we would never associate anyone with our Lord. And Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed to His Apostle Muhammad (ﷺ):" It has been revealed to me that a party of Jinn listened to it" (Qur'an, lxxii. 1).
Ibn Abbas said: “The jinns used to ascent through the heavens, trying to listen about the Revelation. So when they heard a statement, they would add nine to it. The statement that they heard would be true, while what they added was false. So it was with the advent of the Messenger of Allah that they were prevented from their places. So they mentioned that to Iblis – and the stars were not shot at them before that. So Iblis said to them: ‘This is naught but an event that has occurred in the earth.’ So he sent out his armies, and they found the Messenger of Allah standing in Salat between two mountains” – I think he said “in Makkah” – “So they (returned) to meet with him (Iblis), and informed him. He said: ‘This is the event that has happened on the earth.’”
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
The so-called Sahih (i.e., authentic) Hadith becomes even more absurd when it claims that Iblis (the leader of devils/Satan) came to know about the advent of Muhammad even after ten years of his prophethood. By that time, many companions had already embraced Islam due to Muhammad's preaching, and he had even gone out with some of his Companions to the bazaar of 'Ukaz (i.e., Souk Okaz سوق عكاظ, an open-air market between Nakhla and al-Ṭāʾif in Saudi Arabia). It is worth noting that Muhammad went to al-Ṭāʾif ten years after receiving prophethood.
The question arises: How is it possible that Iblis and all his devils were unaware of Muhammad's prophethood for such an extended period, and why did they never appear to the people of Mecca during that time? This implies that the people of Mecca didn't commit a single sin during those ten years, as no devil appeared to misguide them.
Can any sane Muslim ever accept such an implausible story?
It is evident that to conceal one lie, a thousand more lies are needed, and this narrative of Iblis' ignorance about Muhammad's prophethood for ten years appears to be one such attempt.
7th Blunder: The false Challenge of Allah that humans (and Jinns) cannot cross the regions of heavens and EARTH
In Quranic verses 55:33-35, Allah challenges the jinn and mankind, daring them to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the Earth without His permission. The text suggests that those who try will be met with a flame of fire and smoke that they cannot defend against.
O company of jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by authority/permission [from Allah] ... There will be sent upon you a flame of fire and smoke, and you will not be able to defend yourselves.
The desire to reach the heavens and encounter God is a recurring theme in various cultures and historical accounts, and the Quran also presents a story about Pharaoh's ambitious endeavor to construct a tower reaching the heavens. In Quran 28:38 and Quran 40:36-37, it is narrated that Pharaoh instructed his minister Haman to build such a structure, hoping to challenge the divine authority of Moses' God. And there were also many stories in earlier civilizations that Pharaoh indeed reached near heaven. Imam Qurtabi recorded one such story in his commentary of this verse 28:38 (link):
As-Suddi reported that Pharaoh climbed upon the tower and threw an arrow towards the sky, so it came down stained with blood. So Pharaoh said, 'I killed the God of Moosa (Moses).' It was reported that when Pharaoh said this, Allaah sent down Jibreel who struck the tower with his wing and cut it into three pieces
That is why, the writer of the Quran (i.e. Muhammad) challenged that nobody can cross the regions of heaven and the earth.
However, contrary to Allah's claim, non-Muslims, atheists, and Hindus, who all deny Allah, have already crossed the regions of the Earth without His permission, and no flame of fire or smoke has stopped them.
This Quranic verse (which is threatening humans & Jinns with flame and smoke) seems to have a connection to the story in other parts of the Quran, where devils attempt to sit in the 1st heaven, and stars transform into flames of fire to chase and attack them.
Muslim Excuse: These are not meteors, but the Guided Pulsar Gamma Rays, which are used to shoot down the devils by Allah
Furthermore, Muslim apologists sometimes claim that these challenges involve "Guided Pulsar Gamma Rays" (link) used by Allah to shoot down devils. However, this excuse has no basis in the original Quranic claim, for several reasons:
- "Guided Pulsar Gamma Rays" are not guided; they disperse in all directions and are invisible.
- These gamma rays do not resemble burning flames of fire.
- The Quran and Hadith specifically mention shooting stars (meteors) as the means to hit devils, not any form of invisible gamma rays.
In conclusion, even a single scientific mistake in the Quran is significant, as it challenges the notion of 100% Allah's perfection and can cast doubt on the authenticity of the entire Islamic belief system.