- Muhammad adopted the practice of 'Iddah from the pre-Islamic era.
- He imposed unnecessary restrictions on women, unrelated to determining the parentage of the child.
- Muhammad made scientific errors while enforcing 'Iddah rulings.
Muslims argue that Allah granted women their rights with justice, while the secular Western world made a mistake by providing women with "equal" rights to men, oppressing them in the process. Let's examine the validity of this claim and assess whether Islam truly upholds justice for women.
Table of Contents:
- Muhammad copied this illogical practice of ‘Iddah from the pre-Islamic period of so-called Ignorance
- Restrictions upon the women during 'Iddah:
- First Restriction: A woman has to undergo the 'Iddah even without any 'maintenance' money
- Second Restriction: She has to obligatorily stay only in the house of her Husband during the ‘Iddah
- Third Restriction: She has to stay in the husband’s house, even if it doesn’t belong to her husband, or even if he hasn’t left any maintenance money for the wife
- Fourth Restriction: She could not leave the house even for daily walks, visit relatives or attend any social gathering
- Fifth Restriction: She could not even use collyrium/kohl in the eyes despite eye disease, while it beautifies her
- Sixth Restriction: Women are not allowed to use good clothes, jewellery, perfume, or Henna and to comb their hair or oil them
- Islam Advocates: Strict 'restrictions' are placed upon the divorced woman during the 'Iddah due to the danger of her indulging in a SIN
- Islamic reason for 'waiting period' in case of a widow
- Islamic reason for 'waiting period' in case of a pregnant woman
- Islamic reasons for the 'waiting period' in the case of Talaq
- Islam Advocates: Some women have Implantation Bleeding despite being pregnant
- Why no 'Iddah in name of 'mourning' for the Prisoner/Slave women?
Different lengths for Waiting Periods for different women:
Varied waiting periods for different women in Islam are as follows:
1. A slave (or a captive of war) woman:
The waiting period is becoming free of the first menstrual period (i.e. 3 to 7 days). After that, the new Muslim master can rape them.
2. A widow woman:
The waiting period is 4 months and 10 days.
3. A pregnant woman:
The waiting period is up to 9 months, lasting until the birth of the baby.
4. A divorced woman:
The waiting period is 3 menstrual cycles. During these cycles, she receives no attention, love, or emotional support from any man. The first 3 menstrual cycles constitute the divorce process, during which her husband does not have physical contact with her, while he remains permitted to engage with other wives and slave girls. After the divorce, she is subjected to another 3 menstrual cycles of waiting, amounting to about 6 months of practically solitary confinement.
5. Ila (الإيلاء):
This is another form of divorce in Islam. In this case, a man refrains from physical contact with his wife for 4 months, following which the divorce takes place. Nevertheless, the wife must still observe the waiting period of 3 menstrual cycles, resulting in about 7 months of practically solitary confinement-like situation.
These waiting periods differ for each category of women, and the length of time they have to wait and stay without the companionship of men varies accordingly.
Muhammad copied this illogical practice of ‘Iddah from the pre-Islamic period of so-called Ignorance
Muhammad copied this ‘Iddah from the culture of people of the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance.
Just check this logic of Muhammad for putting all these oppressive restrictions upon the woman in the name of ‘Iddah, where he told them not to make complaints against the Islamic Iddah, while they had to stay even for longer periods of time in ‘Iddah during the pre-Islamic days.
Um Salama said that a woman came to Allah's Messenger and said, "O Allah's Messenger ! The husband of my daughter has died and she is suffering from an eye disease. Can she apply collyrium/kohl to her eye?" Allah's Messenger replied, "No," twice or thrice. (Every time she repeated her question) he said, "No." Then Allah's Messenger added, "It is just a matter of four months and ten days. In the Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance, a widow among you should throw a globe of dung when one year has elapsed (i.e. she had to stay in ‘Iddah for the whole one year)."
Muslim Excuse: Longer ‘Iddah of 3 periods (or more) is necessary in order to ensure that the ‘parentage’ of the child is secure
Islam apologists argue that 'Iddah is necessary to ensure the parentage of the child is secure. However, this excuse lacks logic and accuracy, as becoming free of the blood from the first menstrual cycle is sufficient to determine if a woman is pregnant and ascertain the parentage of the child.
Islam itself stipulates a shorter 'Iddah period, consisting of only the first menstrual cycle, for prisoner women, slave women, and free Muslim women who enter an Islamic State from a non-Muslim country. After this first menstrual cycle, Muslim men are allowed to have sexual relations with them.
For instance, Muhammad himself had sexual relations with Saffiyah on the same night her father, brother, and husband were killed, as she became free from the blood of her first menstrual cycle on the same day (Reference: Sahih Bukhari).
This demonstrates that the excuse of the child's paternity cannot be used for letting poor women suffer in the name of 'Iddah for 3 menstrual periods, where she cannot marry another man and has to face a lot of other unlogical "restrictions" which make her life difficult.
During 'Iddah, women not only have to endure long waiting periods but also face additional unnecessary and illogical restrictions imposed by Allah/Muhammad, making their lives more difficult and miserable.
First Restriction: A woman has to undergo the 'Iddah even if she receives no maintenance money from her husband
The maintenance and providing of shelter for a woman observing the Iddat of Death are not the responsibility of her in-laws. She also does not have the right to take her maintenance out of the Estate of her deceased husband.Reference: Dar-ul-Ifta
As a result:
- A woman is obligated to undergo the 'Iddah period, which lasts for 4 months and 10 days (or up to 9 months in case of pregnancy). However, she has no entitlement to receive financial support from her husband's estate during this lengthy period of time.
- Even if the husband was poor and left no money, the wife is still required to observe the waiting period. This places a significant financial burden on women, especially in Islamic countries where they often lack a source of income. Moreover, Islam restricts their ability to seek employment outside the home during this waiting period, making it even more challenging for them to sustain themselves financially. This situation is truly unfortunate.
Second Restriction: She is obligated to stay exclusively in the house of her deceased husband during the 'Iddah period
As per Islamic Sharia'h, when a husband passes away:
- A woman is required to spend the entire duration of 'Iddah solely in the house of her late husband.
- She is not permitted to stay at any other location, such as her parents' home or that of any other family members (see link1 and link 2).
However, the problem lies in:
- What relevance does the location of her 'Iddah have with the parentage of her child?
- Why is she not allowed to spend this waiting period in the comfort of her parent's house, where she is surrounded by people who love and care for her? Such a supportive environment could greatly assist her in coping with the sorrow of her husband's demise.
Conversely, in her husband's house, she may feel isolated and confined, unable to leave the premises or interact with any men. This situation could be a significant mental anguish for many women, as they are compelled to live in the place where their husbands passed away for a prolonged period of 4 months (or up to 9 months in the case of pregnancy).
Third Restriction: She must remain in the husband's house, regardless of ownership of the house or lack of maintenance funds left by the husband
Furay'ah said that she came to the Messenger of Allah and asked him whether she could return to her people, Banu Khidrah, for her husband went out seeking his slaves who ran away. When they met him at al-Qudum, they murdered him.
So I asked the Messenger of Allah: "Should I return to my people, for he did not leave any dwelling house of his own and maintenance for me?
She said: The Messenger of Allah replied: Yes. She said: I came out, and when I was in the apartment or in the mosque, he called for me, or he commanded (someone to call me) and, therefore, I was called.
He said: what did you say? So I repeated my story which I had already mentioned about my husband.
Thereupon he said: Stay in your house till the term (of four months and 10 days) lapses.She said: So I passed my waiting period in it (her house) for four months and ten days. When Uthman ibn Affan became a caliph, he sent for me and asked me about that; so I informed him, and he followed it and decided cases accordingly.
The wife is obliged to continue residing in the house of her deceased husband, irrespective of whether the property belongs to her husband or not, and even if he hasn't left any financial provisions for her maintenance.
This requirement places an additional burden on the wife, as she may have no claim to the property or financial support, yet she is compelled to stay in the same dwelling where her husband lived. This can result in financial hardship and emotional distress for the widow, especially if she is left without any source of income or means of sustenance.
Moreover, why is she compelled to bear the expenses of her daily needs on her own, while her family could have taken care of her easily if she had stayed in the house of her parents/brothers/sisters?
Fourth Restriction: She is prohibited from leaving the house, even for daily walks, visiting relatives, or attending social gatherings
Question: Is a woman allowed to visit family members like her parents or sisters if she is observing iddat and use the excuse that she will be with her family so she doesn’t see the problem?
Answer: A woman who has been divorced is not allowed to leave the confines of her home during the iddat for whatever reason, be it to visit friends or relatives or to attend the funeral of even her parents.
Thus, a woman observing iddat, whether due to divorce or widowhood, is strictly forbidden from leaving her home premises for any reason. This includes visiting friends or relatives, attending funerals, and even going for daily walks, as they are considered unnecessary activities during this period.
These restrictions raise important questions.
Women, like any human beings, have social and emotional needs. They also require leisure activities such as going to parks, taking daily walks, shopping, dining out, attending social gatherings, visiting their parents' homes, and meeting relatives. Subjecting women to these unilateral restrictions goes against human nature and raises concerns about gender justice. These draconian restrictions practically confine a woman to a solitary existence, adversely affecting her mental and emotional well-being.
Fifth Restriction: She is prohibited from using collyrium/kohl in her eyes, even for medicinal purposes, while it makes her look beautiful
Although a woman is allowed to take medical care during ‘Iddah, still she should not use collyrium/kohl as a cure even for any eye disease, while it beautifies her.
Um Salama said that a woman came to Allah's Messenger and said, "O Allah's Messenger ! The husband of my daughter has died and she is suffering from an eye disease. Can she apply collyrium/kohl to her eye?" Allah's Messenger replied, "No," twice or thrice. (Every time she repeated her question) he said, "No."
During the 'Iddah period, women are prohibited from wearing good clothes, jewellery, using perfume, applying Henna, combing their hair, and using oil or even washing their faces with aloe. These restrictions are in place even when the woman is confined to her home and not coming into contact with any non-Mahram men.
Umm Salama said: God’s Messenger came to visit me when Abu Salama died, and I had put the juice of aloes on myself. He asked me what it was, and I told him it was only the juice of aloes and contained no perfume, so he said, “It gives the face a glow, so apply it only at night and remove it in the daytime, and do not comb yourself with scent or henna, for it is a dye.” I asked God’s Messenger what I should use when combing myself, and he told me to use lote-tree leaves and smear my head copiously with them. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani declared this Hadith to be FAIR (حسن).
According to Islamic apologists, the rationale behind these restrictions is to maintain modesty and prevent any potential temptation or seduction during this so-called vulnerable period. However, the questions are:
- A woman is not coming into any kind of contact with any man during the 'iddah, as she is not allowed to let any non-Mahram man enter her house, and she is not allowed to leave the house.
- So, what is wrong if she wears good clothes, and jewellery, uses perfume and uses henna and combs her hair with oil, and washes her face with aloe in the house, where she is alone, or at maximum with other women?
- Who are these people that she’s gonna “seduce” to marry her? The walls?
Normal Muslim women and virgin girls are allowed to go outside and participate in various activities without falling into sin. So, why would a divorced or widowed woman be any different in that they will commit a sin by doing these things?
Similarly, if other Muslim women can use Kohl, perfume, jewellery, and wear good clothes without indulging in sin, there is no reason to believe that a divorced/widowed woman would behave differently.
Islam advocates claim that the reason for the 4 months and 10 days long 'iddah of a widow is to 'Mourn' the death of the husband (link).
But the questions are:
- Why is there no obligation for any “mourning” (even for a single second) upon a man if his wife dies? He can marry another woman the same night. He can also have intimate relations with his other wives and slave girls the same night too.
- Only a woman is compelled to ‘mourn’ the death of her husband. Only she is deprived of her natural need for love and intimacy in the name of ‘mourning,’ and only she has to undergo the strict restrictions of 'Iddah.
Moreover, a widow also has to observe 'Iddah, even if (Link):
- She has never seen his husband after the marriage.
- Or even if the marriage has not been consummated.
- Or even if she is a minor child.
Why should she mourn his death if she has no emotional connection and love for him in her heart? What if the deceased husband was abusive, and the widow harbors feelings of hatred towards him? In such cases, imposing a long waiting period with numerous restrictions is cruel and unnecessary.
Instead, Islam could have allowed widows to make their own decisions about mourning, the duration of 'iddah, and when they are ready for a new relationship. They should have the autonomy to choose where to stay and seek support from their families if needed. Women are capable of making their own choices regarding their personal lives and emotions.
According to the Quran, the waiting period for a pregnant woman is until the birth of a child (Quran 65:4).
Prophet Muhammad further explained the scientific logic behind this Quranic order, stating:
The Messenger of Allah said: It is not lawful for a man who believes in Allah and the last day to water what another has sown with his water (meaning intercourse with a woman who is pregnant from her previous husband).
This practice by Muhammad/Allah reflects a scientific misunderstanding, as modern science has clarified that if a woman is already pregnant, another man's sperm will not affect the fetus. This concept was based on the beliefs of the times of ignorance, and Muhammad adopted it from them, leading to a scientific mistake.
Moreover, the pregnant woman is left to bear the consequences of this practice unilaterally. After the death of her husband, she becomes financially vulnerable, especially if the deceased husband left no money for her and the baby. It is nearly impossible for her to work outside while carrying the baby in her belly. Additionally, during pregnancy, a woman is emotionally sensitive and in need of support, yet she is compelled to stay at her deceased husband's house and endure all these difficulties alone until the birth of the baby.
Furthermore, a pregnant woman should not have to go through the 'Iddah period at all, as the parentage of the child is already known due to her pregnancy. If a husband can divorce a pregnant woman and engage in relationships with other women, it is unfair to deprive the pregnant woman of emotional support, love, attention, and care from a new partner during this challenging time when she needs it the most.
In response to the claims of Islamic apologists, it is important to note that any potential effects on the fetus would be positive. Sex with a man makes the mother happy, resulting in a positive impact on the fetus. There is no logical reason for Allah/Muhammad to oppose such positive effects on the mother and fetus.
Overall, this practice reflects a lack of understanding and consideration for the well-being of pregnant women and their children, and it raises important questions about the fairness and compassion within the teachings of Islam.
The problem is, the whole process of Divorce + ‘Iddah lasts for 6 menstrual cycles for a divorced woman.
The whole process of 3 Talaqs in Islam consists of 3 menstrual cycles of a woman. This means, when a Muslim husband initiates divorce, the woman is required to remain in the husband's house for the first 3 menstrual cycles after the declaration of the divorce. Throughout this time, the wife and husband are to abstain from physical contact, effectively creating a state of 'solitary confinement' for the woman within the husband's residence. (link).
It's important to note that during these three months of the Talaq process, the wife is not allowed to have contact with any man, but the husband is free to engage in intimate relations with other wives or slave girls.
And after the divorce, she again has to undergo a waiting period of 3 MORE menstrual cycles in the name of 'Iddah (waiting period) (link). But why? There is no issue with the parentage of the child either, while her husband didn’t touch her for the last 3 menstrual cycles. So, why is the woman then still forced to undergo a solitary confinement-like situation for the next 3 more months in the name of ‘Iddah?
According to advocates of Islam, the 'Iddah period for a woman, even if her husband has not touched her for the last three menstrual cycles, is still required to last for an additional three months. This is because (link):
- The woman was 'alone' with her previous husband under one roof and in privacy during the process of the three Talaqs.
- The testimony of both the man and woman regarding their abstinence during this period is not accepted in Islam.
- The 'Iddah period of three more menstrual cycles ensures the safeguarding of the child's parentage in case the woman becomes pregnant from her previous husband.
However, a discrepancy arises as Islam accepts the witness of a single slave woman that her master didn't touch her, allowing the possibility of sexual relations based on that testimony.
The Fatawa Alamgiri, vol 3, page 268, Urdu edition, states that a singular report is enough on religious issues, allowing a person to trust the witness of a slave girl and engage in sexual relations with her if she claims her master gifted her to him.
Fatawa Alamgiri, vol 3, page 268, Urdu edition (link):
A Singular Report is enough on religious issues. Therefore, if a slave woman comes to any person and tells him that her master gifted her to him, then that person can trust the witness of slave girl and have sex with her.
In contrast, in the case of a free woman, Islam does not accept the witness of both the man and woman that they didn't touch each other during the Talaq process, leading to a contradiction.
Moreover, it is puzzling that even though a single menstrual cycle is enough to determine pregnancy (as in the case of a prisoner or slave woman), the woman must still undergo a three menstrual cycle waiting period after the three Talaq cycles, which seems unnecessary.
Similarly, the restriction on using perfume, makeup, and making herself attractive to other men during 'Iddah appears illogical since there is no option of returning to her previous husband without Halala (Tahleel Marriage نكاح التحليل).
- A wife who hasn't seen her husband for years should also undergo the sufferings of 'Iddah in case of divorce. But why? There is no chance of her being pregnant.
- A minor girl (who has not started to menstruate), why then does she also have to undergo a waiting period of 3 months in case of divorce, as she cannot even get pregnant?
- Similarly, an old woman could also not get pregnant, why then does also have to undergo solitary confinement like restrictions of ‘Iddah in case of divorce?
Overall, these issues raise questions and inconsistencies within Islamic practices.
An Islamic apologist wrote:
"The last thing on a woman's mind after she has got divorced is intimacy. She is mentally disturbed and needs time to come out of this shock"
But in reality, the answer is simple, i.e. the decision should be left to the women themselves. If they do not wish to enter into a new relationship during the 'Iddah period, they should not be forced into one. They should have the freedom to choose and can remain single for an extended period if they desire.
Conversely, if a woman decides to enter a new relationship soon after divorce or widowhood, no one should obstruct her choice. For some women, divorce can be a form of liberation from an abusive relationship, leading to a sense of relief rather than distress.
The argument is raised that religious impositions should not hinder the wishes and self-determination of millions of women. It seems contradictory if men are not considered mentally disturbed by Talaq, as they have the freedom to engage in intimate relationships with multiple wives and slave girls (or marry them) immediately, while women are assumed unable to make such decisions for themselves.
Furthermore, Islam itself allows pregnant women to marry another man immediately after giving birth to a child. This demonstrates that Islam does not universally consider all women to be emotionally attached or distressed after divorce.
Moreover, Muhammad married Saffiyah on the same night her husband was killed, seemingly not considering her emotional state at the time.
In conclusion, the debate revolves around allowing women to decide for themselves during the 'Iddah period, without any forceful impositions based on assumptions about their emotional state after divorce.
Islamic apologists that the Islamic 'Iddah of 3 menstrual cycles is correct, while some women have implantation bleeding despite being pregnant, and it is difficult for a woman to differentiate between the periods and the implantation bleeding.
But the reality is:
- Laws and rules are made on the basis of "Generality", and not on the basis of "Exceptions".
- Islam itself does not accept these "exceptional" incidents for making the "general laws". Therefore, Islam itself made a law that the 'Iddah of a prisoner/slave woman is only one menstrual cycle.
Islamic apologists reply it by saying that the 'status' of a slave woman is not equal to the status of a free woman, and thus Islam is correct to extend the 'Iddah of a free woman to 3 months in the case of divorce of a free woman.
But the reality is:
- This issue is not about the 'status' of a slave woman or a free woman, but the issue is about the 'parentage' of the child, which stays the same in both cases.
- And even the 'Iddah of a free Muslim woman in Islam in the case of Khul' is only one period[link].
- And Muhammad himself slept with Saffiyyah the same night when her first menstrual blood stopped. Note that Saffiyyah was not a slave, but a free woman when Muhammad took her as a wife.
He (the Holy Prophet) then granted Saffiyyah emancipation and married her. Thabit said to him: Abu Hamza, how much dower did he (the Holy Prophet) give to her? He said: He granted her freedom and then married her. On the way Umm Sulaim embellished her and then sent her to him (the Holy Prophet) at night.
Narrated Anas bin Malik: We arrived at Khaibar, and when Allah helped His Apostle to open the fort, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtaq whose husband had been killed while she was a bride, was mentioned to Allah's Apostle. The Prophet selected her for himself, and set out with her, and when we reached a place called Sidd-as-Sahba,' Safiya became clean from her (first) menses then Allah's Apostle took her into his bed.
- There is no Hadith of Muhammad present, in which he ever mentioned 'Iddah of 3 periods due to any Implantation bleeding.
- Muhammad adopted the practice of 'Iddah, while it was the tradition of that era, and Muhammad was a part of that society.
- But in the modern era, when science discovered these facts, then Muslims now try to present these scientific discoveries as miracles of Islam.
- But Muslims will fail, as contradictions in Islam will then occur (like Muslims having sex with prisoner/slave women and while Muhammad had himself sex with Saffiyyah after only the first menstrual cycle.
- And what about a minor girl wife (who does not menstruate yet), an old lady (who could not bear any children), or a woman who hasn't seen her husband for years? Muhammad ordered them too to observe the 'Iddah of 3 periods (or 3 months) too. But why? Certainly not due to the implantation bleeding in them, but while it was a tradition of that era.
- Muslim are allowed to drive sexual pleasure from the prisoner virgin girls with ‘penetration’ the same night, without giving them any time to mourn their dead family members.
- And as far as the prisoner women are concerned, who already have husbands, then penetration in their vaginas is not allowed. But still, Muslims are allowed to undress them and to take all kinds of sexual pleasures with their naked bodies except for penetration.
وقال عطاء لا بأس أن يصيب من جاريته الحامل ما دون الفرج
Atta said: ‘There is no harm to drive sexual pleasure from the body of the pregnant slave/(or prisoner) woman except from vagina’
According to Islamic Scholars, the Fiqh (Jurisprudence) of Imam Bukhari lies in the “Headings of Chapters” of his Book. And Imam Bukhari gave this heading in his book Sahih Bukhari (link):
Chapter: If one buys a slave woman, can he then take her along with him in a journey without her completing her waiting period?
Under this heading, Imam Bukhari writes:
ولم ير الحسن بأسا أن يقبلها أو يباشرها. وقال ابن عمر ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ إذا وهبت الوليدة التي توطأ أو بيعت أو عتقت فليستبرأ رحمها بحيضة، ولا تستبرأ العذراء. وقال عطاء لا بأس أن يصيب من جاريته الحامل ما دون الفرج.
Translation:Hasan Basri finds nothing objectionable in kissing a woman or to having sex with her. And Ibn Umar said that such a slave woman who is given as a present, or who is sold, or who is made free, but sex had been done with her before that, then she had to undergo a waiting period. And Atta said if a slave woman had become pregnant (from the earlier owner/husband), then still pleasure could be derived from the whole of her body, except for her vagina.
In order to understand the trauma of those captive women due to the killing of their relatives, please see the following tradition.
Ibn Ishaq said: After the Messenger of God conquered al-Qamus, Safiyyah bint Huyayy was brought to him, and another woman with her. Bilal (a companion), who was the one who brought them, led them past some of the slain Jews. When the woman who was with Safiyyah saw them, she cried out, struck her face, and poured dust on her head. When the Messenger of God saw her, he said, "Take this she-devil away from me!" ... The Messenger of God said to Bilal, when he saw the Jewish woman doing what he saw her do, "Are you devoid of mercy, Bilal, that you take two women past their slain men?"
Thus, there are double standards here:
- On one hand, Islamic apologists claim that Muslim women are not allowed to be wed during 3 periods/months long 'Iddah while she is mentally under stress after the divorce.
- But on the other hand, they deny any such mental stress for the prisoner women and girls, and what to talk about divorce, but even after killing all the men of their family, Muslim men use them as sex object the same night. They are provided with no time to get out of their mental stress.
Contrary to Islam, Judaism and Christianity allowed the prisoner women to mourn their relatives for one complete month, during which men were not allowed to take any other sexual services from them.
Marrying a Captive Woman
(10) When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives,
(11) if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife.
(12) Bring her into your home and have her shave her head, trim her nails
(13) and put aside the clothes she was wearing when captured. After she has lived in your house and mourned her father and mother for a full month, then you may go to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife.(14) If you are not pleased with her, let her go wherever she wishes. You must not sell her or treat her like a slave, since you have dishonored her.
Muhammad rejected the Sharia of Moses in this case, and he followed the laws of the pagan Arab society of that time, as it benefitted him and the Muslims financially and they were free to seek sexual pleasure through the prisoner women the same night.
Is this the same so-called giving Rights with JUSTICE to women in Islam, which Muslims boast about in comparison to the Equal rights of women in the Western world?
All people with even the slightest intelligence can see that this is not called giving rights with Justice to women, but it is oppression against women and Injustice towards them.
Please don't forget the Bigger Picture:
|How a woman get her freedom from an Abusive unwanted Husband|
|The Western World||Islam|
Western women have to suffer ZERO unjust Hardships.
Muslim women have to suffer from the following 11 (Eleven) unjust HARDSHIPS. Muhammad copied these Sharia Rulings from the pre-Islamic ignorant Arab culture.